Eco Landscaping Principles

Eco landscaping: Managing the landscape in a healthy, sustainable manner to the benefit of all life within the ecosystem


Eco landscaping principles stretch across all facets of a healthy garden including designing, building, installing and maintaining.

It is about creating a healthy environment – healthy soil, healthy plants, healthy water and air – so that everything flourishes and lives together harmoniously.


It’s about asking yourself ‘what’s good for the garden?’ and making environmentally conscious decisions.

Waterwize Gardens incorporates environmentally sound methods of landscaping and gardening into its everyday practices in a number of ways.


Waterwize Gardens’ Top Ten Tips to Being Eco-Friendly:

  • Reduce the amount of pesticides and chemicals used and, when practical, use organic and natural weed management solutions

  • Take into consideration a garden’s water sources and needs, to the benefit of all plants and trees

  • Conserve water consumption through mulching plants and trees - using plants from the site when practical - and leaving grass clippings on the lawn (which also means nutrients go into the soil)

  • Match plants to site, including using natives where appropriate and choosing drought and wet tolerant plants accordingly.

  • Improve soil quality through adding organic matter (which also improves moisture retention) Healthy soil = healthy plants

  • Consider soil erosion and prevent it wherever possible

  • Protect and respect the biodiversity of gardens by removing invasive plants and creating habitats that encourage birds, insects and ‘natural pest predators’ such as ladybirds, frogs and lizards (reducing the need for pesticides)

  • Consider the garden in its entirety, matching plants and shrubs to specific soil quality, shade and light, wet and dry areas; where practical, replant cuttings and plants on-site to increase the natural plant base

  • Use native plants when the best option for the garden. As they are regionally propagated and adapted to the conditions, they are quite often disease and pest resistant

  • Conserve natural resources, including reducing water consumption in the dry season and carrying out on-site mulching of natural garden waste


Eco landscaping is about creating a healthy environment where all components interact sustainably – plants, trees, water, soil, insects and wildlife


To learn more about environmentally friendly landscaping, visit the website of the Ecological Landscaping Association: www.ecolandscaping.org